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Friday, July 5, 2013

Benin-City and Edo State in Nigeria

Now Benin City, is a city of population of 2millions and the capital of Edo State (3.5millions; 18.8km2, Min.183 m – Max. 610m) in southern Nigeria.

The Benin Empire (1440–1897) was a pre-colonial African state in what is now modern Nigeria.
 - 1180–1246 Eweka I
 -      Oba Ewuare (also Ewuare the Great) was the king of the Benin Empire from 1440 until 1473. Ewuare became king in a violent coup against his brother Uwaifiokun which destroyed much of Benin City. After the war, Ewuare rebuilt much of the city of Benin, reformed political structures in the kingdom, greatly expanded the territory of the kingdom, and fostered the arts and festivals. He left a significant legacy and is often considered the first King of the Benin Empire.
 - 1888–1914 Ovonramwen (exile 1897)
 - 1979– Erediauwa I (post-imperial)

 - 162590,000 km²

Around 1470, Ewuare changed the name of the state to Edo.

The Portuguese visited Benin City around 1478 (first explorer) -1485

Benin grew rich during the 16th and 17th centuries due to the slave trade with the Dutch and the Portuguese, as well as through the export of tropical products. The Bight of Benin's shore was part of the "Slave Coast", from where many West Africans were sold to slave traders who enticed them to sell able-bodied men into bonded servitude. In the early 16th century the Oba sent an ambassador to Lisbon, and the King of Portugal sent Christian missionaries to Benin. Some residents of Benin could still speak a pidgin Portuguese in the late 19th century.

Benin resisted signing a protectorate treaty with Britain through most of the 1880s and 1890s. However, after Benin discovered Britain's true intentions, eight unknowing British representatives, who came to visit Benin were killed. As a result a Punitive Expedition was launched in 1897. The British force, under the command of Admiral Sir Harry Rawson, razed and burned the city, destroying much of the country's treasured art and dispersing nearly all that remained. The stolen portrait figures, busts, and groups created in iron, carved ivory, and especially in brass (conventionally called the "Benin Bronzes") are now displayed in museums around the world.

The University of Benin, Benin City, the Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, the Igbinedion University, Okada, and the Benson Idahosa University, Benin City, the Federal Polytechnic Auchi, Auchi are among the institutions of higher learning located in Edo State.

The land area now known as Edo state. Located in what is called south-south part of Nigeria or the Delta region, has a long history of civilization. It is partly what remains of the once powerful and famous imperial Benin kingdom one of the most powerful Africa Empires during 15th and 16th century. The body of water called the bight of Benin and Dahomey the former French colony now called Republic of Benin derived their names from the famous imperial Benin kingdom. According to Seo Ogbonmwan "they acknowledges that we were Benins and lived in Benin City long before them hence they visited the palace of our Oba in Benin City for consultation before their name change in 1975 from Republic of Dahomey to the People's Republic of Benin}".The Benin Empire authority and influence spreading to the coast of Benin republic, the Niger delta, the north west of Niger River and Onisha in the east. Benin City now serving as the headquarters of Oredo Local Government Area and the capital of Edo state was the power-house, seat of government and the capital of the ancient Empire .It's also the origin and ancestral home of all the descendants of ancient Benin kingdom. The Edo people pride themselves on their wealth of history and civilization. The arts of Benin Kingdom are global brand. Benin artifacts are among the most exquisite and coveted in world's history which represents the earliest civilization among black specifically Africans. The Benin Kingdom is the fourth earliest known civilization recorded by historians, archaeologists and anthropologists.

Although Benin Empire rise and fall like all great Empires, lost it imperial powers it survived attacks and occupations even when many could not. According to the eminent Benin writer Naiwu Osahon "The spendour of Edo civilization continues to this day to astound and exited the world.  Benin artifacts are among the most exquisite and coveted in world's history and the kingdom of Benin remains famous for its sophistication in social engineering and organization.  The Benins Obaship institution is still one of the world's most revered apart from being one of the most ancient". The ancient kingdom was able to bring together modernity and tradition in perfect harmony a formula that has worked magic for more than a century; After the fall to the British forces in 1897AD.
Exactly how,if,were or when the Edos migrated to this region is hard to establish. As prince E.Eweka put it "No one is really certain about the exact origin of the Edo people whose origin appears to have been lost in myths and legends of the distant past". What is not in doubt is that Linguistic evidence suggests that this land area have been occupied by The Igodomigodo {Edo-speaking groups} for thousands of years and Edo {Benins} civilization has grown over a period of some 6000 years if not more. The Edo language is part of the Kwa-Niger group of languages according to Linguist.

Edo State is the home and cradle of arts, culture and bronze casting as well as wood works in Africa. The state is showered encomiums for its splendour, excellence and creative art works in addition to its fame of being the tourists delight and investors destination. Tinged with the traditional Edo hospitality. The people are enlightened, warm and friendly ever willing to help. Edo state 18 Local Government Areas also have a wealth of both natural and cultural heritage. Strolling through picturesque historical villages or enjoying an excellent meal with tradition dishes are reason enough to come to the region.The state's sprawling tourism assets-ranging from cultural tourism, eco- tourism, historical tourism, sports tourism to economic tourism.

Benin kingdom/Edo State has become a year-round tourist attraction thanks to the many inland and riverside tourism option available to visitors. More than one hundred major festivals are celebrated in the state between September and March every year. Almost three hundred and sixty-five sunny days a year and an average temperature of 18 degrees are guarantee that each corner of the state will be wonderful to visit throughout the twelve months of the year. With an endless list of tourist activities you can be sure that your holiday to Benin kingdom/Edo state will be an unforgettable memories

do State Facts:
The State Name: Edo State of Nigeria {The Heart Beat Of The Nigeria}
State capital: Benin City
Government: Republic
Demonym: Edolite
Executive State Governor: Adams Aliu Oshiomhole
Deputy State Governor: Pius Egberanmwen Odubu
Chief Justice: Cromwell Osamwonyi Idahosa
Speaker of the House: Uyigwe Oghogho Igbe
Administrative Structure:Presidential/Federalism; Federal, State, Local Govt.
Land Area: 19,794 km2
Language: Edo, pidgin English, English {official}
Ethnic Configuration: Benins, Akoko-Edo, Etsako, Ishan and Owan
Population: 3,218332 {2006 National Census}
Electricity: 240v 50Hz
Weights & Measures: Metric
Currency: Naira
phone code: +234 {Mobile Phone Line} +234-52 {House Phone Line}
Religion: Predominantly Christians Followed By Traditional Religion And Islam
{Based On Freedom Of Worship And Separation Of State And Religion}
Date Created: 9th August 1963 Split into Edo & Delta on 27th August 1991
Vaccination: As in all tropical countries visitors to Edo state have to be vaccinated against yellow fever and meningitis. Malaria tablets are highly recommended.
Ancient Benin kingdom {Edo Nation}Facts:
Name: Benin Kingdom {Edo Nation}
Form Of Government : Monarchial System
Demonym: Benins
Brand : The Benin Arts {Global} Home to the oldest church in Nigeria
Royal Colour: Ododo {Red}
Kingdom Capital : Benin City
The Monarch & Spiritual Head : Oba Erediauwa
The Senior Queen{OIoi}: Esther Erediauwa
Second in Command & the kingdom Prime Minister : Chief S.U.Igbe
Crown prince : Eheneden Erediauwa {Edaiken of Uselu}
The Four cardinal Chiefs{Ikadele}:Igbe, Edebiri, Igho-Osagie & Ozibo-Esere
Head of Royal Defence Forces: Edogun (Ceremonial)
The Chief priest : Isekhure
Head of the Royal police Forces,Land and Infomation:Okavbiogbe{Ceremonial}
Head of the Royal Brozen Casters: Ine Nigun
Head.of keepers of royal regalia and wardrobe: Uwangue
Head of royal household and worker: Esere
Head of the Royal carvers: Eholo
Head of the Royal Bards: Odionwere
Language: Edo, pidgin English, English{Official}
Religion : Predominantly Evangelical Christians and Traditional Religion
Ethnic Configuration: ( The Igodomigodo {ancient}) (Edos)( Benins)
Land Area: 10,956 km2 (Estimate)
Population: 1.6 Million (Estimate)
Date Created : More than 6000 years (Linguistic evidence suggests)
Imperial period: 1440AD-1897AD
Post-Imperial: Fall to the British forces in 1897AD

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